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An impervious surface area is any surface that does not readily absorb water and blocks the natural infiltration of water into the soil. Common examples of this include roofs, driveways, parking areas, sidewalks, patios, decks, tennis courts, concrete or asphalt streets, crushed stone, and gravel surfaces.
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Stormwater runoff is water from rain or snowmelt that cannot be absorbed by the soil and instead washes off roofs, driveways, sidewalks, and other surfaces that do not filter into the ground.
When stormwater flows over surfaces, it picks up and carries pollutants from those surfaces becoming polluted. Typical pollutants in stormwater runoff include oil, sediment, pesticides, fertilizers, yard waste, and pet waste.
No. Even though leaves and grass are natural and biodegradable, these organic materials consume oxygen when they decompose and remove dissolved oxygen from the water. Fish and other aquatic organisms require oxygen and will die without it.
Everyday activities we do around our homes, yards, and businesses impact the quality of our stormwater. Some examples include over fertilizing our yards or doing so before a significant rain event, not picking up pet waste, and use of pesticides. Cars leaking oil or fluids from vehicles, grass, leaves, and other yard debris are other forms of common stormwater pollutants.
Managing our stormwater helps to improve the quality and reduce the amount of polluted stormwater. Unlike the sanitary sewer water system, stormwater does not receive any treatment before it enters our waterways. Stormwater runoff then carries the pollutants directly to our streams and rivers adversely affecting wildlife, human health, and safety. Also, water that falls on hard surfaces and does not filter into the ground runs off to lower areas, with the excess potentially causing local flooding and erosion.
Create natural areas on your property to help reduce the quantity of stormwater runoff. When working in your yard or around your home, make sure you dispose of products correctly. Never dump or dispose of items into the storm drains, pick up after your pets, keep yard waste (grass clippings, leaves, etc.) out of the street and minimize the use of pesticides and fertilizers.
An illicit discharge is any discharge to the Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) that is not composed entirely of stormwater. These types of discharges may occur due to direct dumping of waste (paint, oils, grass clippings, and trash) into a storm drain or placement of waste so that it enters a storm drain system is also a form of illicit discharge.
No. Only sewage from your household drains are transported to the sanitary sewer system. Stormwater flows through the storm sewer system, and ditches. It empties into our streams, ponds, and creeks. It would be too expensive to treat stormwater the same as we treat sanitary sewage. The amount of sewage generated from our homes and businesses every day is small compared to the amount of stormwater runoff we receive during a rain event.
As a resident of the City of Bixby, here are a few ways you can help keep our water resources clean and beautiful.
Call the public works department at 918.366.4430 or report a problem online.
We would like any feedback, questions or comments you may have. Feel free to contact Public Works Director, Bea Aamodt.